Wolanow Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Masovian Voivodeship
Site address
The former cemetery covers a forest area along the northern side of Spacerowa Street. The cemetery area is situated across the street from residential houses 7-9 on Spacerowa Street.
GPS coordinates
51.3743488, 20.9691346
Perimeter length
116 meters
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
The cemetery is fenced (concrete fence, 2m high) as private land and not as a Jewish cemetery.
Preservation condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
General site condition
The former Jewish Cemetery of Wolanów is located on the south western outskirts of the village. The cemetery area is overgrown with forest. The site is private land and access to the cemetery is forbidden. It is likely that no traces of the cemetery have been preserved, nor have any tombstones.
Number of existing gravestones
Access is impossible and as such the survey team were unable to determine how many tombstones remain, if any.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Land ownership
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys

Historical overview

Jewish settlement in Wolanów began to develop soon after the town was founded in 1773. 170 Jews lived in the town in 1827 (58.6% of the total population), and 313 in 1921 (60.9%). In July 1941, the Germans established a ghetto in Wolanów, where Jews displaced from Przytyk and other nearby villages were also confined. In August 1942, Jews from the Wolanów Ghetto were deported to Szydłowiec and then murdered in the Treblinka extermination camp. Until August 1943, a group of Jews were kept in a forced labour camp in Garna, 1.5 km away from Wolanów.

The cemetery is located about 800 metres south-west of the town centre, on the northern side of Spacerowa Street, and covers a plot of approximately 0.7 hectares. There is no information about the cemetery’s date of establishment, though it was probably established after 1773. At the beginning of the 20th century, the cemetery was fenced. During World War II, by order of the Germans, the tombstones were used to pave roads. The cemetery continued to be devastated and desecrated in the following decades. In a 1952 list of synagogues and cemeteries, there was an annotation regarding the Wolanów cemetery: “Stone destroyed in 90%.” In 1985, there was a garbage dump in the area of the cemetery. As a result of the destruction, all above-ground traces of the cemetery have vanished. There is no fence, no tombstones, and no information or commemorative signs. The area is overgrown with untreated vegetation (grass, shrubs, mixed trees), and the boundaries of the cemetery are imperceptible. The owner of the cemetery is the Foundation for the Preservation of Jewish Heritage.