Wierzbica Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Masovian Voivodeship
Site address
The cemetery is situated in a wooded area on the south-western side of the intersection of Wierzbicka and Błędowska streets.
GPS coordinates
51.26302, 21.09832
Perimeter length
163 meters
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
General site condition
The Jewish cemetery of Wierzbica is situated on the north-eastern rural outskirts of the village. The cemetery is a small wooded area, overgrown with dense bushes and trees. The adjacent properties are agricultural (farming fields). Rarely, private visitors visit the site. The area was vandalized during World War II and currently has no maintenance or care. Within the limits of the cemetery are no structures. No traces of the cemetery have been preserved, and no matzevot are visible.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Land ownership
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys

Historical overview

Despite a ban on Jewish settlement which was in force until 1862, 31 Jews lived in Wierzbica in 1817, and 121 in 1827. In the 1921 census, 81 inhabitants (6.5% of the entire population) declared themselves as of the “Mosaic faith.” During World War II, the Germans established a ghetto in Wierzbica, in which, about 500 people, from the town and from other surrounding areas including Przytyk, were confined. In the fall of 1942, most of them were deported to Kozienice or Szydłowiec and then exterminated in Treblinka. The cemetery is located about 1.5 km north-east of the town centre, on the west side of Wierzbicka Street, near the intersection with Błędowska Street and covers the geodetic plot No. 168/2 shaped like a trapezoid with an area of 0.14 hectares. There is no information about the cemetery’s establishment date. According to Adam Penkala, the cemetery was probably established in 1831 due to the cholera epidemic. The facility was not marked on the 1839 plan. It is known that the cemetery was fenced with a wall.

The cemetery was probably devastated during World War II and continued to degrade in the following decades. In the list of synagogues and cemeteries prepared by the Office for Religious Affairs in 1952, there was an annotation regarding the cemetery in Wierzbica: “Stone destroyed in 80%.” An area of 500 square metres was also recorded, which corresponds with the total area of plots 168/1 and 168/2. In the 1960’s or 1970’s, the cemetery was covered with trees. In 1983, the area was littered. The boundaries of the cemetery are partially visible owing to the remains of the quarried stone wall. There are no tombstones. On the side where the cemetery borders Wierzbicka Street, there is a symbolic red brick gate, built prior to 1983. The area is overgrown with wild vegetation (grass, shrubs, deciduous trees). The cemetery is listed in the Municipal and Provincial Register of Monuments.