Volochysk Old Jewish Cemetery
Presumably Jewish cemetery was established in the mid 19th century. According to the epigraphic data, it already existed in 1840s. First, as a Jewish cemetery, it appeares on Russian maps of 1870s and, later, on the map of 1902. It was also marked on Polish map of 1939.
Jews began to settle in Volochys’k in the 18th century, numbered 384 in 1765. Jews made a living by crafts, wholesale and retail trade. In 1863, three synagogues operated and their amount swelled to eight in 1890. On May 4-5, 1881, during the anti-Jewish riots, the units of Jewish self-defense were created. The Bund started its activity in the turn of the centuries. The Jewish vocational school for girls and for boys were opened in the first decade of the 20th century. Beginning from 1921, the Jewish soviet organizations such as Yevkomol for Jewish youth, the Jewish kolkhoz named for Lekkert, the OZET (the public Society for Settling Toiling Jews on the Land) branch, Jewish rural council were active. The Jewish population grew to 3,295 (49,1% of the total) in 1897. In 1926, the Jewish population was 2,068 (28,4% of the total) and dropped to 753 in 1939. A ghetto was created after occupation on July 5, 1941. In August 1942, 8634 Jews destroyed. Sep 11 1942 in V. approx. 4 thousand Jews. In 1945, a monument was erected at the site of the death of Jews at the expense of relatives. After its partial destruction, a new one was set. Monument with a six-pointed star. In the 1990s. 4 Jewish families lived in V.V. clan: V.I. Liner, E.I. Lichtenstein; M.-L.Malbim, B. Margo, S. Rapaport, Y. Yu. Shpirt; Meir Benihu (1896-1981, Israel), Israeli journalist, ed. 1925–67. ed. “Kupat Kholim Klalit”, the first in the history of Hebrew speaking journalism ed. sport. Dep. gas. “Ha-Arez” and “Davar”, the author of works on issues. health and physical. education; David Margolis (b. 1911), sculptor, painter, author of interior paintings in a number of societies. buildings, including the Rockefeller Center in New York (1933), brother B. Margo; Isaac Iosifovich Tartakovsky (b. 1912), merit. artist USSR (1976), author of the painting “Requiem” (“Babi Yar”, 1991). IB Kraizman.