Varyazh Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Site address
The cemetery is located opposite the house at 20, Myronivs'ka Street.
GPS coordinates
50.52217, 24.08446
Perimeter length
576 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
The cemetery has a fence installed in September 2020 by ESJF.
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is well-maintained.
Number of existing gravestones
About 10. Several gravestones lay beneath the ground. It is impossible to count them.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys

Historical overview

Information on the cemetery’s establishment is unknown, but it was marked on maps of the 1880s and 1939. Presumably, the cemetery was operating in the second half of the 19th century. It can be supposed that it was demolished after WWII.

Jews are recorded from 1573. The Jewish population was engaged in petty trade and crafts. The Jewish community emerged in the late 18th century. By that period, Varyazh became a centre of the Belz Hasidism. The Belz Hasidim predominated, and the Ruzhin and Husiatyn Hasidic dynasties were present. In 1880, 880 Jews (65% of the total population) lived in Varyazh. In the 19th century, Pinchas Eisen (1845-1915) from 1886, Sholem Babad (1877-1943) from 1910, and his son-in-law Avraham-Mordhe Ashkenazi (1883-1943), who was later expelled to Siberia, served as community rabbis. In 1900, the Jewish population stood at 964 (65% of the total population) and dropped to 520 (54% of the total population) in 1921. A synagogue was destroyed during a 1921 fire. 50 Jewish families lost their houses in a 1934 fire. The German forces occupied Varyazh in June 1941. During WWII, a labour camp was in the town. The Jewish population of Varyazh perished during the Holocaust.

3D model