Tuzser Jewish Cemetery One

Cemetery Information

Site address
The Jewish cemetery is located on Temető Street behind the municipal cemetery. On the right hand side.
GPS coordinates
48.33848, 22.11119
Perimeter length
100 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The site has been abandoned, it is now used as a rubbish dump fro the municipal cemetery.
Number of existing gravestones
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Land ownership
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys

Historical overview

A lot of litter from municipal cemetery was found on the site. Some gravestones have fallen into a pit. A local woman was observed taking soil for her plants from the cemetery.

There were two Jewish cemeteries in Tuzsér. This cemetery was established as early as 1870, since it appears on the cadastral map of that year. The only legible tombstone found in the cemetery dates to 1906. This cemetery has not been fenced.

The first mention of Jews in Tuzsér was recorded in the 1747 census and by 1836 37 Jews were living in the village. The number of Jews in the village later decreased, and in 1880 Jews accounted for 82 people of the village’s total population of 1,060. By 1941, only 55 people of the village’s population (2,019) were Jews. The Jews of Tuzsér worked as stillmen, retailers, and draymen, and later as craftsmen, smallholder farmers, horse traders, and merchants. The community joined the Orthodox community of Mándok in 1885. In 1941, the Kewish youth of Tuzsér were drafted into forced labour. In mid-April 1944, the Jews were forcibly gathered in the synagogue with a minimal supply of food and clothes. After Passover, Hungarian policemen arrived and transported them to the Kisvárda Ghetto on the carriages of other locals. The Jews were not permitted to take any of their possessions and their houses were closed with red wax seals. At the end of May, they were deported to Auschwitz. Only about 10 people returned after the war, some of whom were saved and hidden by their Christians friends. By the beginning of 1949, only 3 Jews remained in Tuzsér.