Teglas Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Site address
The cemetery is located on Homok Street, about 200m from the intersection of Boskai Street.
GPS coordinates
47.7189, 21.68291
Perimeter length
272 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
There is a concrete & barbed wire fence, about 3m high.
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is well maintained, some broken gravestones have been piled up. At the southern part of the cemetery near to the walls there are 22 uninscribed gravestones, which may mark empty graves. There was some graffiti on the wall.
Number of existing gravestones
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys

Historical overview

The Jewish cemetery of Téglás was established as early as 1883, since the oldest tombstone found in the cemetery dates to that year. The latest tombstone was erected in 1938. The cemetery has been fenced and is maintained by the Heritage Foundation for Preservation of Jewish Cemeteries.

The first information concerning the Jewish community of Téglás dates to the mid-19th century. The synagogue, the mikveh, and the butcher’s house were all built around this time. In 1880, the Jewish population was 42 and increased 40 years later to 117. By 1941, 183 Jews lived in the village. The first two rabbis of the village were Israel Paneth and Yisrael Mandel. 1885, the Jews of Téglás joined the larger Jewish community in Hajdúböszörmény, though the community still was affiliated with two other communities: Gyulahalom and Búcsúháza. The community later built a second synagogue. Among the Jews of the village, many were successful entrepreneurs in alcohol production, winemaking, and steam engines. In 1911, many Jews from Téglás emigrated to Canada, where they founded one of Canada’s largest supermarket chains. In 1941, young Jews were sent away for forced labour. In the spring of 1944, following the German occupation of Hungary, Hungarian authorities transported the Jews to the Bácsipuszta Ghetto along with Jews from Hajdúsámson and Vámospércs. They were later deported to and from there to Auschwitz on May 25.