Shyryayeve Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Site address
The cemetery was located on Stepovaya Street, presumably opposite to house 32.
GPS coordinates
47.38893, 30.19981
Perimeter length
471 metres. This perimeter includes the territories of two cemeteries, which were situated adjacent to each other. One was German, presumably Lutheran, and one Jewish. Locals do not remember the exact location of the Jewish cemetery.
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery
General site condition
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys

Historical overview

The period of the establishment of the Jewish cemetery in Shyryayeve is unknown. It was marked on a Russian map of the General Staff of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army in 1941. Local people remember the cemetery, but they say it was no longer existing in the 1980s. Presumably, it was demolished during the post-WWII Soviet period, when this part of the town was rebuilt.

There is not much information about the Jewish community in Shyryayeve. In the early 19th century, a synagogue was built. In 1897, the Jewish population numbered 567, and it fell to 293 (11% of the total population) in 1939. In the 1930s, an elementary school for Jewish children was active. When Nazi forces occupied Shyryayeve on August 6, 1941, 87 Jews were living in the town. They were murdered alongside 21 Jews from the surrounding villages on September 24, 1941.