Nyirmihalydi Old Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Site address
The Jewish cemetery is located next to the municipal cemetery, on Váradi Street.
GPS coordinates
47.73636, 21.97131
Perimeter length
348 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery
General site condition
According to the caretaker of the municipal cemetery the perimeter in 1960 was bigger than marked on the cadastral. The graves which were found were outside of this old perimeter. The site is neglected and abandoned and densely overgrown.
Number of existing gravestones
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Land ownership
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys

Historical overview

There were two Jewish cemeteries in Nyírmihálydi. The older cemetery was established as early as 1870, since it appears on the cadastral map of that year. Among the preserved tombstones found in the cemetery, the latest dates to 1914. The cemetery has not been fenced.

In the 1747 census, 9 Jews were recorded as living in Nyírmihálydi. In 1770, 3 Jewish families were living in the village. 108 Jews lived there in 1848, 137 in 1880, 109 in 1910, 87 in 1920, 74 in 1930, and 51 in 1941. The organized Jewish community was officially formed in the second half of the 19th century. In 1885, the community adhered to the Orthodox stream and joined the Jewish community in Balkány. After World War I, many young people moved to towns and cities. At the end of 1942, young Jewish men were summoned for forced labour service. In 1944, only 43 Jews remained in the settlement, and the community ceased its operations. The Jews of Nyírmihálydi were deported to Auschwitz from Harangod-puszta on May 20, 1944. According to the 1949 census, there were only 3 Jewish residents in the settlement.