Nyirmada Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Site address
The cemetery is located on Kisvárdai Street, about 150m north of the intersection with Szabolcs Street.
GPS coordinates
48.06927, 22.18345
Perimeter length
450 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
There is a concrete fence, about 2.5m high.
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The site is in an excellent condition. The grass is mown. Some tombstones have been reconstructed.
Number of existing gravestones
192 gravestones: 139 intact & 53 fragments or pedestal bases.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Preserved construction on site
There is an ohel containing 10 graves.
Drone surveys

Historical overview

The Jewish cemetery of Nyírmada was established as early as 1838, since the oldest tombstone found in the cemetery dates to that year. This cemetery remained in operation until at least 1944, the year in which the latest tombstone was erected. The cemetery is fenced and has an ohel. Overall, almost 200 gravestones were found preserved in the cemetery.

The first Jew settled in Nyírmada in 1721. In 1836, 90 Jews lived in the village, and the synagogue was first mentioned in that year. By 1780, the local Jewish community already had a rabbi, and by the mid-19th century, had a shochet (butcher) and synagogue as well. The organized Jewish community and the Chevra Kadisha (burial society) were established in 1860, the same year in which a plot of land was purchased for the cemetery. They had a relief association, a women’s association, a kindergarten, a cheder school (opened in 1870), a yeshiva (opened in 1899), and a Talmud Torah. Moreover, in 1897, a Jewish elementary school was opened. The original synagogue and school burned down in 1892. In 1944, the Orthodox community of Nyírmada had 437 members, 68 of whom were taxpayers. The Jewish inhabitants were taken to the synagogue and school on April 19, 1944, and then sent to the Kisvárda Ghetto 4 days later. Forty survivors returned after the war. As the synagogue and the school survived, they re-established the Jewish community. In 1949, 54 Jews lived in the settlement, however, by 1957, there were none left.