Nyirbogat Old Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Site address
32, Kossuth Street.
GPS coordinates
47.8049, 22.06486
Perimeter length
170 metres is the historical perimeter, the current perimeter is much smaller.
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
There is a 1.5m high wire fence along the street and 1 neighbour, and a concrete fence along the other two sides.
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is well maintained, the gravestones are numbered and some of them have been restored.
Number of existing gravestones
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
1927 - one tombstone is dated either 1919 or 1939, the former is most likely.
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys

Historical overview

There were two Jewish cemeteries in Nyírbogát. The older cemetery was established as early as 1830, since the oldest tombstone found in the cemetery dates to that year. The cemetery remained in operation until at least 1927, which is the date marked on latest tombstone found in the cemetery. Given the dates on the tombstones in the other, newer cemetery in the settlement, burials were no longer conducted in the older cemetery in the 1930’s.

The Jewish community, which at that time numbered 23 people, was established in Nyírbogát around 1840. About 40 years later, the Jewish population increased to 278. After the turn of the century, the Jewish population continued to grow, accounting for 404 people in 1910 and 298 in 1941. The Nyírbogát Jewish community joined the Orthodox stream. The Nyírbogát Jewish community was never independent, and first came under the jurisdiction of Balkány followed by Nyírbátor. During the White Terror, the Jews of Nyírbogát endured great suffering. In May 1944, the Jewish community was deported to the Nyíregyháza Ghetto and then to Auschwitz on May 26.