Nowy Dwor Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Podlaskie Voivodeship
Nowy Dwór
Site address
The cemetery is located on a hill to the east of the Catholic cemetery, by a narrow, paved (cobblestone) road towards Chworościany and the State Border (the Poland-Belarus frontier is about 4km west in a straight line). Cadastral parcel no. 201106_2.0010.331
GPS coordinates
53.634877, 23.557042
Perimeter length
342 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
General site condition
The demolished, unfenced, not overgrown Jewish cemetery, is situated outside the village, amongst fields under cultivation. The eastern corner of the cemetery (it has the shape of a triangle) is highly littered.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved. According to the concrete remains near the west corner belong to the former cemetery gate. There are stones at the site that may have been a foundations of matzevot.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Land ownership
Preserved construction on site
The remains of the former cemetery gate.
Drone surveys

Historical overview

The first records of Jews in Nowy Dwór date back to 1540. In 1558, there was a synagogue in the town. In the 17th century, the local kehilla (independent Jewish council or congregation)
was subordinate to the Jewish community in Grodno. In 1807, 117 Jews lived in Nowy Dwór, around 1878 there were 897 Jews. In 1921, there were 1,027 Jews (68%). Most of them were killed by the Germans during World War II.

The Jewish cemetery in Nowy Dwór is located about 850 northeast of the town center on the northern side of the road leading to the Polish-Belarusian border. It is surrounded by arable fields and covers local plot no. 331 which shaped like a rectangle. The cemetery has an area of 0.43 hectares. The cemetery was established in 1561. The destruction process probably began during the Second World War. According to unverified data, the authorities decided to close the cemetery in 1957. As a result of the destruction, only a stone and concrete fragment of the fence or gate have remained. The boundaries are only visible probably because the cemetery is located on high ground. The cemetery is overgrown with grass. There are shrubs and trees. There is no fence or any form of commemoration. The owner of the cemetery is the Foundation for the Preservation of Jewish Heritage. The facility is listed in the Municipal and Provincial Register of Monuments.