Mielnik Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Podlaskie Voivodeship
Site address
The Jewish cemetery in Mielnik is located on the eastern side of the forest road which is an extension of Biała Street. It is on the opposite side to a large chalk processing plant (which is on the western side of the above mentioned forest road). Cadastral parcel no. 201005_2.0004.6955
GPS coordinates
52.339316, 23.057441
Perimeter length
395 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The destroyed, unfenced Jewish cemetery is located in the dense forest. It is very overgrown. On the borders the remains of the former fencing (which was a masonry wall) are visible. Very few tombstones, which have fallen over, have been preserved in the area. The cemetery isn’t marked in any way.
Number of existing gravestones
7 remains of graves (matzevot and concrete sarcophagi) were found. Their inscriptions are not readable.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Land ownership
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys

Historical overview

The Mielnik cemetery is located about 1.5 kilometers northeast of the town center in the forest and off of Biała Street. It is a quadrilateral plot with an area of 0.7 hectares. The OMP Mielnickie Zakłady Kredowe company is located in the vicinity of the cemetery. The date when the cemetery was founded is unknown. It was probably established in the mid-19th century.

The cemetery has experienced far-reaching devastation. During the period of the People’s Republic of Poland, the plot was taken over by the State Treasury. In 1972, the local authorities adopted a resolution to close the cemetery. Currently, there are over a dozen tombstones in the form of steles made of granite fieldstones dating back to 1895–1919, as well as concrete and stone tombstone bases within the cemetery. From the south, relics of a stone wall are visible. There is no fence nor any form of commemoration. The area is covered with a mixed forest. The facility is listed in the Provincial Register of Monuments.

The first records of the presence of Jews in Mielnik date back to 1533, but the significant development of the local Jewish community only began in the 19th century. In 1807, 43 Jews lived in Mielnik, in 1878, 460 Jews. In 1921, there were 233 Jews (12% of the total population). Most of them were murdered by the Germans at Treblinka in 1942.