Mariapocs Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Site address
The cemetery is adjacent to 80, Ófehértói Street.
GPS coordinates
47.88572, 22.02139
Perimeter length
317 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
There is a 2.5 metres high concrete fence.
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is well maintained. Only 4 gravestones remain. Other GPS coordinates were given for a second cemetery (47.88588, 22.02216), however these only point to the fenced corridor leading to the main cemetery where the gravestones were found.
Number of existing gravestones
4. According to the caretaker, the fence was erected in the wrong place and about 3-4 rows of gravestones are now outside of the cemetery in the garden of the left hand neighbour. The caretaker is the neighbour from the right side. The cadastral map does not verify this information.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys

Historical overview

The Jewish cemetery of Máriapócs was established as early as 1870, since it appears on the cadastral map of that date. However, very few tombstones have been preserved in the cemetery. Two of the tombstones were erected 1940, thus the cemetery remained in operation until at least that year. The cemetery was fenced by the Heritage Foundation for Preservation of Jewish Cemeteries in 2011.

The first records regarding the Jewish community of Máriapócs date to 1770. In 1855, the community lost its independence and joined the bigger Jewish community of Nyírbátor. Following disagreements that arose at the Jewish Congress in 1867, which resulted in the Schism in Hungarian Jewry, the Jews of Máriapócs joined the Orthodox stream. Prior to the Holocaust, in 1840, the Jewish community of Máriapócs had a population of 223 people, which later decreased to 87 in 1941. The Hungarian authorities deported the Jews to the Nyíregyháza Ghetto and then to Auschwitz. Only 3 Jews lived in Máriapócs around 1949.