Krasnohrad New Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Site address
From No.17 Leningradskaya street, drive south for 120m and then turn left. After another 140m then the cemetery will be on the right.
GPS coordinates
49.36416, 35.43305
Perimeter length
781 мetres
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
The cemetery is not fenced.
Preservation condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The Jewish cemetery was gradually demolished and repurposed as a Christian cemetery. There are only 2 Jewish gravestones left, one of them in the form of a large tree. It is possible that there may be more Jewish graves in the larger cemetery but we could not locate anyone. The locals still refer to this cemetery as the “Jewish cemetery”. It now appears to be a mixed cemetery.
Number of existing gravestones
There are 2 Jewish gravestones. It is now a Christian cemetery, however we were able to find two Jewish graves. It is possible that there may be more Jewish graves in the larger cemetery but we could not locate anyone.
Date of oldest tombstone
1947 (the earliest tombstone found by ESJF).
Date of newest tombstone
1982 (the latest tombstone found by ESJF).
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys

Historical overview

Given the dates of the Jewish tombstones and in view of the fact that the Jewish cemetery was demolished and overbuilt with Christian one, the Jewish cemetery could have operates in the mid 20th century or in the pre-war era. It was gradually repurposed as a Christian graveyard throughout the second half of the 20th century.

When Krasnohrad (Rus., Ukr. Красноград, Yid. קראַסנאָגראַד, until 1922 Konstantinograd – Ukr. Костянтиноград, Rus. Константиноград) received city status in 1798, it already had a Jewish community of around 150 people. The oldest pinkas records (a traditional ledger from a Jewish communal organization) were dated to 1810.

During the 19th century, the Jewish population grew from 234 in 1847 to 1,099 (53%) in 1897. In the early 20th century, the community maintained 3 synagogues, a cemetery, a talmud-torah, a modernized cheder, a private school, a school for poor children as well as a loan fund. Poalei Zionists were active in the town. The Jews were attacked in pogroms during the Civil War of 1918–21. In the Soviet period, the Jewish population fell and stood at 237 people in 1939.

Around 90 Jews from Krasnohrad were murdered by the Nazis near the village of Natalyne in June 1942. According to the 2001 census, there were 10 Jews living in Krasnohrad and the surrounding areas.

The exact date of the establishment of the cemetery is unknown. Most of the cemetery is now used for non-Jewish burials, only 2 Jewish tombstones from 1947 and 1982 remain.