Kazimierz Dolny New Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Lublin Voivodeship
Kazimierz Dolny
Site address
37, Czerniawy Street.
GPS coordinates
51.31371, 21.95289
Perimeter length
365,23 meters
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is located on a hill, it is destroyed, a few tombstones have survived, some of them may be in their initial places, however there is no way to confirm this. It is overgrown with forest. There is a stone plaque commemorating the victims of the Holocaust by the parking lot. Several matzevot in the lapidarium (from the back) are covered with graffiti.
Number of existing gravestones
There are 25 matzevot, some of which likely still located at grave sites. 40 fragments of matzevot were found on the ground. There are about 600 fragments of matzevot in the lapidarium.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Land ownership
Preserved construction on site
In the cemetery, near the road, there are remains of a structure, it was likely an ohel (due to its small foundations).
Drone surveys

Historical overview

The first records of Jews in Kazimierz Dolny date to 1406. In the 19th century, the Kuzmir Hasidic dynasty was founded in the town by Rebbe Jechezkiel Taub. In 1921, 1,382 Jews lived in the town constituting 41% of the entire population, most of whom were murdered by the Germans in Bełżec in 1942.

The cemetery is located about 950 metres southeast of the market square, on Czerniawy Street, on the slope of the gorge. The cemetery was established in 1851 as the old cemetery on Lubelska Street was overcrowded with graves. The land for the cemetery was donated by Motek Hercberg. It was fenced, and a funeral house was built next to it. The cemetery coves a rectangular plot of land and its longer side is adjacent to the road (Czerniawy Street). Before 1939, cemetery covered an area of approximately 1.5 hectares. During World War II, the Germans carried out executions at the cemetery. The gradual degradation and destruction of the cemetery began around that time. Some matzevot were used by the Germans to pave squares and streets, including the yard occupied by the gendarmerie of the Reformed Monastery. Some inhabitants of Kazimierz Dolny participated in the destruction process as well. On April 29, 1959, the Minister of Municipal Economy signed an order to close the cemetery. In 1971, local authorities demanded its liquidation. At that time, there were 16 tombstones and a brick wall. In 1984, at the initiative of the Association for Protection of Monuments of the Past in Kazimierz Dolny, the Vistula Region Museum of Kazimierz Dolny, and the Heritage Conservation Officer, several hundred tombstones from the town were transported back to the cemetery. The recovered matzevot were used in 1986 to build a lapidarium designed by Tadeusz Augustynek. Currently, within the cemetery, there are about 300 tombstones in various conditions, most of which are gathered in the lapidarium. The cemetery is not fenced, and the area is forested. The owner of the cemetery is the Foundation for the Preservation of Jewish Heritage. The facility is listed in the Register of Immovable Monuments of the Lubelskie Voivodeship. The list of personal data is available at https://cemetery.jewish.org.pl/list/c_53.