Jarmi Jewish Cemetery 1

Cemetery Information

Site address
The cemetery is located along a dirt road that branches of of Kölcses Köz at the corner.
GPS coordinates
47.96692, 22.25187
Perimeter length
181 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
No fence
Preservation condition
Demolished Jewish cemetery that has not been built over
General site condition
The cemetery was demolished in 1990’s. About 30 broken gravestones were left under a walnut tree next to the territory. There is evidence of the theft of gravestones.
Number of existing gravestones
0 on site; Around 30 stones and fragments were left outside the territory after its demolition.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Land ownership
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys

Historical overview

There were two Jewish cemeteries in Jármi. This cemetery was demolished, but a few fragments of tombstones have been preserved outside the cemetery’s territory. Judging by the dates on these fragments, the cemetery was in use as early as 1886 and remained in operation until at least 1938.

The Jews who first settled in Jármi in the 18th century mostly were merchants. The synagogue was built in 1856. The settlement also had Chevra Kadisha (burial society) and charitable institutions. The community belonged to the Orthodox movement. In 1880, Jews constituted 169 of the total population of 690. By 1910, there were only 87 Jews left in the settlement. In World War I, of the 16 people from the village who died in the war, 16 were Jewish. In 1941, the Jews of the village were sent to forced labour and to the Ukrainian front. In 1944, the Orthodox community of Jármi had 52 members, including 10 of whom were taxpayers. In April 1944, the Jews of Jármi were sent to the Mátészalka Ghetto, where they were then deported to Auschwitz in May 1944. Only nine Jews from Jármi survived Auschwitz. They, however, did not re-settle in the village, choosing instead to emigrate.