Gemzse Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Site address
The cemetery is located on the road linking Ilk with Gemzse, before reaching Gemzse on the left hand side.
GPS coordinates
48.13488, 22.19868
Perimeter length
352 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
There is a concrete & wire fence, 2m high.
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery is located in a wood. The grass is mown.
Number of existing gravestones
27 gravestones: 17 standing & 10 broken. Some of the broken stones have been repaired.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys

Historical overview

The Jewish cemetery of Gemzse existed as early as 1870, since it appears on the cadastral map of that year. The latest tombstone found in the cemetery dates to 1941. The cemetery is fenced and includes a memorial to the local Jews murdered in the Holocaust.

The first Jews settled in Gemzse around the mid-18th century. According to records, there were 38 Jews living in the village in 1828. In 1840, there were 125 Jews. The Jewish population subsequently began to decrease and, by 1941, just 64 Jews remained in the village. In 1941 the young Jewish men were sent to forced labour. In 1944, after the German occupation and immediately following Pesach, the Jews were sent to Kisvárda and were deported a few weeks later to Auschwitz at the end of May. Only a few Jews from Gemzse survived after the war and they did not remain in the village for long.