Gavavencsello Jewish Cemetery in Vencsello

Cemetery Information

Site address
Toldi Miklós Street, in the municipal cemetery.
GPS coordinates
48.16709, 21.55755
Perimeter length
164 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
No fence.
Preservation condition
Unfenced Jewish cemetery
General site condition
To the rear of the municipal cemetery there is a neglected territory, this is the Jewish cemetery. 5-6 gravestones were seen from outside, however the site was inapproachable due to dense vegetation.
Number of existing gravestones
Date of oldest tombstone
1891. The only date visible on photos.
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys

Historical overview

There are two Jewish cemeteries in the modern territory of Gávavencsellő. This cemetery belonged to the Jewish community of Vencsellő and existed as early as 1870, since it appears on the cadastral map of that year. The cemetery’s territory is now abandoned, and only few gravestones are preserved. The only legible gravestone dates to 1891.

Gávavencsellő was established by the merger of two settlements in 1971: Gáva and Vencsellő. In 1840, there were only 11 Jewish residents in Vencsellő. However, the population of the Jewish community increased in the next 40 years. In 1880, among the town’s 2,290 residents, 131 were Jews. In 1944, the Jewish community of Vencsellő had 54 members, 10 of whom were taxpayers, and employed one person. In the same year, the Orthodox community of Gáva had 178 members, with 33 taxpayers, and employed two people whose houses were the property of the community. In 1944, Jews from the settlement were taken to the Nyíregyháza Ghetto.