Bakhmut Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Site address
132, Nizhnyomariupolska Street. The cemetery is located near the last house.
GPS coordinates
48.5724468, 17.39341
Perimeter length
751 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
There is a concrete 2m high fence belonging to the municipal cemetery.
Preservation condition
Demolished and overbuilt Jewish cemetery
General site condition
There is a now a municipal cemetery in the place where the Jewish cemetery used to be. The Jewish cemetery no longer exists.
Number of existing gravestones
No tombstones preserved.
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys

Historical overview

The Jewish cemetery has been demolished and rebuilt since the 1960`s. Some contemporary gravestones are present and located within the orthodox gravestones. According to locals, Jewish people have been buried among the orthodox.
“The cemetery was founded in the late 19th century. The Jewish graves were destroyed in the 1960s, and the land is now part of the municipal cemetery.

Jews likely began to settle in Bakhmut (Ukr., Rus. Бахмут, in 1924–2016 Artemivsk, Ukr. Артемівськ, Rus. Артёмовск) in the early 19th century. Bakhmut had a Jewish population of 3,259 in 1897 (17% of the total). In the late 19th century, Bakhmut had a synagogue, a prayer house, a beit midrash, 3 Jewish schools, a Talmud Torah. Jews were attacked in a pogrom in 1905. A Jewish elementary school was established by the Soviet authorities in 1920. There were 5,299 Jews in the city in 1939 (about 9% of the total population).

Three quarters of the city’s Jews were able to evacuate before the German army arrived in October 1941. The approximately 1,200 Jews who remained were confined in a ghetto in November 1941 and murdered in a deserted alabaster quarry in February 1942. The Jewish community was re-established after the war and Jewish community life was revived in the 1980–90s. According to the 2001 census, the city had a Jewish population of 224.