Nyirbogat New Jewish Cemetery

Cemetery Information

Site address
Approachable through caretaker’s house (No.2 Batthyány Street) or from Mező Imre Street.
GPS coordinates
47.804606, 22.066226
Perimeter length
221 metres
Is the cemetery demolished
Type and height of existing fence
There is a 2 metres high concrete fence.
Preservation condition
Fenced and protected Jewish cemetery
General site condition
The cemetery was fenced, restored and cleaned. The gravestones are in 2 rows at the front, on the back there is a maintained planted acacia forest.
Number of existing gravestones
Date of oldest tombstone
Date of newest tombstone
Urgency of erecting a fence
Fence is not needed
Land ownership
Property of local community
Preserved construction on site
Drone surveys

Historical overview

There were two Jewish cemeteries in Nyírbogát. The newer cemetery was likely established in the 1920’s, though the oldest tombstone found in the cemetery dates back to 1930. The cemetery remained in operation until at least 1945, which is the date marked on the latest tombstone in the cemetery. Presumably, burials began to take place in the newer cemetery after the old cemetery ceased operations.

The Jewish community, which at that time numbered 23 people, was established in Nyírbogát around 1840. About 40 years later, the Jewish population increased to 278. After the turn of the century, the Jewish population continued to grow, accounting for 404 people in 1910 and 298 in 1941. The Nyírbogát Jewish community joined the Orthodox stream. The Nyírbogát Jewish community was never independent, and first came under the jurisdiction of Balkány followed by Nyírbátor. During the White Terror, the Jews of Nyírbogát endured great suffering. In May 1944, the Jewish community was deported to the Nyíregyháza Ghetto and then to Auschwitz on May 26.