Established in the 13th century, the town of Miechów is located on the road from Kielce to Kraków. The Jewish presence fluctuated between 40-55% of the total population, reaching its highest at the end of the 19th century. Jewish merchants and businesses were very prominent and the town held a weekly merchant fair each Tuesday which drew large crowds from surrounding regions due to well-established road and train connections. The Jewish cemetery was founded in 1882 but devasted during WWII and the headstones used by the Nazis to pave local roads. Today the cemetery site contains a fenced memorial of a mass grave of Jews killed in the Miechów ghetto.