Established in the 13th century, the town of Miechów is located on the road from Kielce to Kraków. The Jewish presence here fluctuated between 40-55% of the total population, reaching its peak at the end of the 19th century. Jewish merchants and businesses were very prominent and the town held a weekly merchant fair each Tuesday. Due to the well-established road and rail connections, these fairs drew large crowds from the surrounding regions. The Jewish cemetery was founded in 1882 but demolished during WWII, with the Nazis using the headstones to pave local roads. Today the cemetery site contains a fenced memorial marking a mass grave of Jews killed in the Miechów ghetto.